Membrane Theory

In the middle of the twentieth century, physicists discovered a big problem. Einstein and Newton's widely accepted work on gravity and the operation of large scale forces was seriously out of step with the new understanding of particle physics coming from quantum mechanics. The 'laws of nature' that ruled the stars and planets simply did not work at the sub-atomic level. Superstring theory, and the subsequent m-theory, was developed as a new model of the sub-atomic universe to reconcile what we observe on the very large and very small scales. At its heart is the proposal that matter, space and time are composed of tiny vibrating strings or membranes. Different elements and forces are a product of different vibrations of the strings in multidimensional space. The Calabi-Yau shape shown is a representation of the curled up multi dimensional space through which the strings are thought to vibrate.
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